The Kakawin language is a storehouse of rich Javanese literature. The masks are only worn by the demon and monkey figures. We also met the great grand-daughter of Prince Tejokusumo. The entrance by the demon Kumbhakarna, brother of Ravana, was dramatic. Then in a quick flip movement, Dussashana dragged the upper cloth of Draupadi, and she got up and moved to the right side of the audience facing her and moved away. In the centre sit the musicians and artists who play gamelan. It is noted that last full-scale performances were staged in 1939 and since they were extremely expensive, the Sultan had borrowed money from the Dutch!Originally, male members of the royal family, courtiers and bodyguards, took part in the dance-dramas.Arriving by morning flight from Kuala Lumpur to Yogyakarta, we were settled in the moderate Tulips hotel on a well-known street — Jalan Tirtodipuran. Soon characters with fierce looks entered the stage from the left and from the other side entered Draupadi, extremely beautiful, with royal garments and a tiara, and she sat demurely.
The Bedhaya dance and Topeng mask theatre which started from the Mataram kingdom flourished. Revealing his original form as Lord Shiva, he gives the Pashupatastra to Arjuna. I had seen in the gallery a portrait of Prince Tedjoekoesoemo (I used to make it easy in Sanskrit as Tejokusumo) from whom Mrinalini Sarabhai had studied Javanese dances. So rich was the experience of watching these dance-dramas, where amazing as it may sound and appear, the Muslim Sultans have nurtured the traditions of India and its two epics, the Mahabharata and the Ramayana.The sequence of Dussashana-vadha follows the Indian Mahabharata story. When Dussashana tried to touch her, she raised her arm and Dussashana retreated.Traditional Wayang Wong plots or "lakons" are 19th century-written librettos mainly, as noticed earlier, based on the Mahabharata and the Ramayana. The museum containing a collection of traditional batik was full of a variety of patterns. With undulating movements, the Surakarata dance style, we were told, is more subdued than the Yogyakarta style
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